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Kuta to Lembar harbor. stage ten  

This travel narrative is broken up with short philosophical segments. These sections are signalled as distinct from the general traveller narrative, but constructed for purposes of giving analysis to the events.

There were a series of small ranges that weaved through rural villages.

At one point I came across a luxury resort, perched over a valley, the sea in the far distance.

It was from this point that the densely forested roads were doted with traditional dwellings, typically constructed from woven grasses and matted fibres with thatched roofs. Mosques were smaller, and no sign of satellite dishes as is the usual trend.

There was a distinct sense of passing through a series of villages that were relatively distinct from other regions that I had passed through in Lombok.


Theory of historical relativism.

There are two sorts of relativism. The historical temporal block perspective of time. A flow view of time. The flow view of time is where the present flows into the future, and further from the past. A temporal block view connotes with the metaphor of an era. This is where a division of say a colonial period is relative to the post colonial period. The modern is relative to the early modern. However a temporal flow view would interpret the situation from the a situated presence rather than an extended presence. The situated presence gives interpretations of transcendence where a social setting may take the viewer out of their normal temporal flow, viewing an a set of events as a kind of possible world. Historical events could have existed or not which applies to the present.

However the temporal block view places the viewer in a system that has desecrate parts that can be scientifically analysed for differences in structure.



There sense of interest, in a tourist on a bicycle passing through the village, brought out a whole range of reactions. This was an unfamiliar experience for me too, but being mindful that even though regions may vary within the Indonesian archipelago, they are nevertheless, part of a stable democracy. The variability factor refers to the local discourse in relation to the travellers’ discourse. The most common way its played out are through inquires into where the tourist is from, and where the tourist is going to, and tourist enquiries concerning a host of supports for travellers’.


Theory of traveller as a discourse.

The tourist/traveller moves within interpretations of ‘the national’.

An interpretation as a cultural style or religious affiliation places a filter on the meaning of ‘national’. The traveller takes for most part an authentic outsider perspective. The tourist participates in a national discourse as a series of dialogues. A communication occurs between the locale and tourist/traveller. The interaction can be influenced through national perspectives concerning internationalism, cultural relativism or absolutism, democracy, security, capitalism. Though interactions from a local perspective usually takes the form of capitalism given it is the most direct route to forms of negotiation. Once capitalism is done (bills are paid) various other discourses take hold and move the tourist into vistas of imaginative realism.



There was an instance when I stopped near a bench then was greeted by a friendly local man. He pointed in the direction of the bench, then in the direction of distant rain clouds. The interpretation appears to be a universal language that travellers’ would have come to understand, and value referring to a place of security. Someone may appear as a guide without a formal transaction such as in tourist zones.


Theory of staged authenticity and raw authenticity

The guide acts to set up a ‘staged authenticity’. This is a mediated experience, and although it lacks a certain raw authenticity, the experience is predictable. It is this raw, or non mediated authenticity that may either be illuminating or confusing.


After the encounter with the friendly local man I had some vague notion that moving on was better than lingering at points of ambiguity.

It would be best to approach a local village head or ‘Kampala desa’ who had authority to offer an overnight stay. There is no formal tourist style accommodation. Although a religious site is clearly an unambiguous public space, it is however a contested area, with a distinct aesthetics that polarises. In many religious sites tourists are prevented from entering the precinct.


Theory of polarisation of aesthetics

This is a form of identity politics. The identity of the tourist projects an aesthetics that can polarise the identity of established norms. Even if the dress is suitable, there are other factors. Aesthetic norms may build resentment. This means the tourist must constantly negotiate their identity.


After navigating across turns in the road, I saw what appeared in the distance as a standard Indonesian patrol vehicle. It had a kind of welcoming sense of the familiar. A police officer advised me in a polite manner that ‘I should reconsider the direction’. By taking ‘the wrong turn’ to the main highway, and by travelling through this remote region was in his opinion ‘dangerous’. This route is not advised by local authorities to be used by tourists.

The officer kindly offered transportation to the nearest junction from the highway back to Lembar harbour.

Glad to have been assisted by the local district police, I thanked the officers for their services to public safety, and cycled towards Lambar harbour, arriving early evening.


Theory of tourist within a nation/state.

The tourist/traveller represents nation/state and by token they are citizens. Tourists also represent global movements of capital. This gives tourists a core strength as well as a weakness. The strength lies through international relations and capital which gives freedom, for example to choose where to dine, or take photography snap shots. The weakness is that as guests, tourists have restricted liberties. This acts for the maintenance of security and predictability of capital movement.


Agricultural activities closer to beaches near Kuta

Traditional house with modified roof

Houses along Lembar harbour, Lombok





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